You can help by adding to it. December Football is the most popular sport in Iraq. The football tournament at the Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece, saw Iraq finish in fourth place, with the Italy national football team claiming bronze from a single goal. Al-Shorta Police Club are considered the biggest club in the history of Iraq, having won the league in —13 and —14 and they also have an Arab Champions League title to their name which they won in Basketball , swimming , weightlifting , bodybuilding , boxing , kickboxing , and tennis are also popular sports. The Iraqi Football Association Arabic:
The Skeletons of Shanidar Cave
Family threats, militia murders, persecution, and fear: Shortly after that, I had to escape to save my life. The report was compiled by advocacy group IraQueer and a partner group that wishes to remain anonymous for safety reasons.
Italy’s culture minister has called for the creation of a UN peacekeeping force to protect the world’s heritage sites, following the destruction of ancient cities in Iraq by Islamic State.
It was excavated in the early 20th century and a reconstruction using original bricks is now shown in the Pergamon Museum, Berlin. Through the gate ran the Processional Way, which was lined with walls showing about lions, bulls, dragons and flowers on enameled yellow and black glazed bricks, the gate itself depicted only gods and goddesses.
These included Ishtar, Adad and Marduk, during celebrations of the New Year, statues of the deities were paraded through the gate and down the Processional Way. The gate, being part of the Walls of Babylon, was considered one of the original Seven Wonders of the World and it was replaced on that list by the Lighthouse of Alexandria from the third century BC.
A reconstruction of the Ishtar Gate and Processional Way was built at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin out of material excavated by Robert Koldewey and it stands 14 m high and 30 m wide. The excavation ran from to , and, during time,14 m of the foundation of the gate was uncovered. Claudius James Rich, British resident of Baghdad and a self-taught historian, acting as a scholar and collecting field data, he was determined to discover the wonders to the ancient world.
Richs topographical records of the ruins in Babylon were the first ever published and it was reprinted in England no fewer than three times. Robert Koldewey, a successful German excavator, had previous work for the Royal Museum of Berlin, with his excavations at Surghul. Koldeweys part in Babylons excavation began in , the method that the British were comfortable with was excavating tunnels and deep trenches, which was damaging the mud brick architecture of the foundation. Instead, it was suggested that the team focus on tablets.
Despite the destructive nature of the used, the recording of data was immensely more thorough than in previous Mesopotamian excavations. Walter Andre, one of Koldeweys many assistants, was an architect and a draftsman and his contribution was documentation and reconstruction of Babylon.
Beautiful Iraqi Women
It has been very active in Iraq for several years, with thousands of members, and it is the Iraqi women’s rights organization with the largest international profile. It defends full social equality between women and men and secularism , and fights against Islamic fundamentalism and the American occupation of Iraq. Its president is Yanar Mohammed. OWFI concentrates its activities on the fight against sharia law , against abduction and murder of women and against honour killings. Thousands of members strong, it has at its disposal a network of support from outside Iraq, notably from the United States.
Its activists and its directors have many times been the object of death threats from Islamic organizations.
These people founded the first dynasty of Babylon 19th—16th centuries , whose most important king was Hammurabi. In the 17th century new ethnic groups appeared in both Babylonia and Syria-Palestine: Kassites from the Zagros Mountains,… Foundation of the city At some time in the 4th millennium bce, the city was founded by settlers thought to have been from northern Mesopotamia, farmers still in the Chalcolithic phase of culture.
There is evidence that their occupation was ended by a flood, formerly thought to be the one described in Genesis. Ur in the early dynastic period, 29th—24th century bce In the next Early Dynastic period Ur became the capital of the whole of southern Mesopotamia under the Sumerian kings of the 1st dynasty of Ur 25th century bce. Excavation of a vast cemetery from the period preceding that dynasty 26th century produced royal tombs containing almost incredible treasures in gold, silver, bronze, and semiprecious stones, showing not only the wealth of the people of Ur but also their highly developed civilization and art.
Not the least remarkable discovery was that of the custom whereby kings were buried along with a whole retinue of their court officials, servants, and women, privileged to continue their service in the next world. Musical instruments from the royal tombs, golden weapons, engraved shell plaques and mosaic pictures, statuary and carved cylinder seals, all are a collection of unique importance, illustrating a civilization previously unknown to the historian.
The inscribed foundation tablet of the temple, stating that it was the work of a king of the 1st dynasty of Ur, dated the building and proved the historical character of a dynasty that had been mentioned by ancient Sumerian historians but that modern scholars had previously dismissed as fictitious. A few personal inscriptions confirmed the real existence of the almost legendary ruler Sargon I, king of Akkad , who reigned in the 24th century bce, and a cemetery illustrated the material culture of his time.
Third dynasty of Ur, 22nd—21st century bce To the next period, that of the 3rd dynasty of Ur, when Ur was again the capital of an empire, belong some of the most important architectural monuments preserved on the site. Foremost among these is the ziggurat , a three-storied solid mass of mud brick faced with burnt bricks set in bitumen, rather like a stepped pyramid; on its summit was a small shrine, the bedchamber of the moon god Nanna Sin , the patron deity and divine king of Ur.
The lowest stage measures at its foot some by feet 64 by 46 metres , and its height was about 40 feet. On three sides the walls, relieved by shallow buttresses, rose sheer.
Related events Other cases of return or restitution of cultural objects In some cases, the Convention does not apply formally: Other solutions are therefore sought so that Parties concerned can find a mutually acceptable agreement. Even if they do not reflect a strict application of the dispositions of the Convention, these solutions are often adopted in accordance with the spirit and the principles contained in this treaty.
Although Iraq may not have a distinct cooking style, there are several dishes native to the country. Masgoof is a whole-skewered fish barbequed on an outdoor grill. Iraqis cook almost every part of an animal, from the kidneys and liver, to the brain, feet, eyes, and ears.
Email Iraq is the birthplace of numerous historic firsts. It is where the sailboat, wheel, and seed plow were invented. Lying within the Fertile Crescent, it is where cereal agriculture and commercial record keeping began. Even the concept of zero and degree circles were formulated in what is now Iraq. Earthquakes, such as the 7. A recent six-week excavation in the province fortuitously ended before the earthquake struck. The work focused on the 7. The discoveries almost didn’t happen. Project leader Dirk Wicke of the Institute of Archaeology at Goethe University and his team were wrapping up their excavation, when student Lanah Haddad noticed a wall from a mysterious room within the trench where she was digging.
Wicke asked her to keep removing dirt. As she did, several clay weights became visible, along with the charred remains of a large ancient loom. Tweet this article Backfilling of trenches following excavation Dirk Wicke His curiosity grew over other clay objects in the trench, due to their slightly off color and texture. Similar moments have happened to him before, he said, explaining that when he sees such clues, he will try to turn the clay objects over, in order to identify possible lines, dots, and curves, which form a pattern or shape.
A cemetery in Kirkuk, Iraq, Ideas over ideology, principles over party. Please consider a tax-deductible, year-end contribution so that TAC can make an even bigger difference in ! And in the oddest of ironies, it may be that Donald Trump, the fifth president to preside over U. The lowest since the invasion in
May 27, · BBC News uses ‘Iraq photo to illustrate Syrian massacre’ The BBC is facing criticism after it accidentally used a picture taken in Iraq in to illustrate the senseless massacre of children in.
Victory stele of Naram-Sin of Akkad. Bronze Age In the 26th century BC, Eannatum of Lagash created what was perhaps the first empire in history, though this was short-lived. Later, Lugal-Zage-Si , the priest-king of Umma , overthrew the primacy of the Lagash dynasty in the area, then conquered Uruk , making it his capital, and claimed an empire extending from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean. From the 29th century BC, Akkadian Semitic names began to appear on king lists and administrative documents of various city states.
It remains unknown as to the origin of Akkad, where it was precisely situated and how it rose to prominence. Its people spoke Akkadian , an East Semitic language.
As an envoy from President Reagan 19 years ago, he had a secret meeting with the Iraqi dictator and arranged enormous military assistance for his war with Iran. The CIA had already warned that Iraq was using chemical weapons almost daily. But Mr Rumsfeld, at the time a successful executive in the pharmaceutical industry, still made it possible for Saddam to buy supplies from American firms. They included viruses such as anthrax and bubonic plague, according to the Washington Post.
The extraordinary details have come to light because thousands of State Department documents dealing with the Iran-Iraq war have just been declassified and released under the Freedom of Information Act. At the very least, it is highly embarrassing for year-old Mr Rumsfeld, who is the most powerful and vocal of all the hawks surrounding President Bush.
Dating and Marriage Marriage was once mostly arranged in Iraq; however, people now have the freedom to choose their spouse. Parents still often arrange outings .
Modern Iraq covers almost the same area as ancient Mesopotamia, which centered on the land between the Tigres and the Euphrates Rivers. Mesopotamia, also referred to as the Fertile Crescent, was an important center of early civilization and saw the rise and fall of many cultures and settlements. In the medieval era, Iraq was the name of an Arab province that made up the southern half of the modern-day country.
In today’s Republic of Iraq, where Islam is the state religion and claims the beliefs of 95 percent of the population, the majority of Iraqis identify with Arab culture. The second-largest cultural group is the Kurds, who are in the highlands and mountain valleys of the north in a politically autonomous settlement. The Kurds occupy the provinces of As Sulaymaniyah, Dahuk and Irbil, the area of which is commonly referred to as Kurdistan. Iraq, in the Middle East, is , square miles , square kilometers , which is comparable to twice the size of Idaho.
Baghdad was the name of a village that the Arabs chose to develop as their capital and is in the central plains. The northern border areas near Iran and Turkey are mountainous and experience cold, harsh winters, while the west is mostly desert. The differences in climate have influenced the economies of the various areas and ethnic groups, especially since a large part of the economy used to be agriculturally based.
Christian Retailer Hobby Lobby Stole Middle East History to Make a Bible Museum in Washington
It is the newly revived daily service to Falluja, a dusty town to the west once infamous as a Sunni insurgent stronghold. The driver and conductor assure that the tracks running through Anbar province are now clear of mines planted by ISIS and of collapsed bridges the group blew up when it marauded through western and northern Iraq in The rapid advance of the militants shut down the line, before U. After a four-year hiatus, hundreds of rail passengers now travel the 30 miles between Baghdad and Falluja in just over an hour.
By car, the journey can take several. The Baghdad-bound leg arrives at 8 a.
Women in Iran discusses the history, contribution, aspects, and roles of women in Iran. Women have always played fundamental, crucial, and representative roles in the long history of Iran. The culture of education for women was established by the time of the revolution so that even after the revolution.
On Monday, Present Bush admitted the Iraq war is “straining the psyche of our country,” but he vowed to stay the course. A reporter questioned him about why he opposed withdrawing U. How do you square all of that? I square it, because — imagine a world in which you had Saddam Hussein who had the capacity to make a weapon of mass destruction, who was paying suiciders to kill innocent life, who would — who had relations with Zarqawi.
Imagine what the world would be like with him in power. The idea is to try to help change the Middle East. But I also talked about the human suffering in Iraq, and I also talked the need to advance a freedom agenda. And so my question — my answer to your question is, is that — imagine a world in which Saddam Hussein was there, stirring up even more trouble in a part of the world that had so much resentment and so much hatred that people came and killed 3, of our citizens.
The terrorists attacked us and killed 3, of our citizens before we started the freedom agenda in the Middle East. What did Iraq have to do with that?